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[总结] Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) yum安装软件时This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled. 的解决方法

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) yum安装软件时This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled. 的解决方法

Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server(RHEL) 的yum服务是付费的,因为没有付费,所以无法使用yum安装软件,如RHEL想安装LNMP必须要先按此教程设置好yum,并可以正常使用后才可以安装LNMP一键安装包,会提示如下错误:This system is not registered to Red Hat Subscription Management. You can use subscription-manager to register. 或如下错误信息:This system is not registered with RHN. RHN support will be disabled.

解决方法:
执行:rpm -qa|grep yum|xargs rpm -e --nodeps  将yum卸载掉
cat /etc/issue && uname -a 看一下系统版本号和系统位数

http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/http://mirrors.163.com/centos/ 找对应系统版本号

如果系统是5.* 64位,则打开http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/
如果系统是5.* 32位,则打开http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/i386/CentOS/
如果系统是6.* 32位:http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/
如果系统是6.* 32位:http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/6/os/i386/Packages/

找到yum 、yum-fastestmirror、yum-metadata-parser 这3个软件包的地址,然后执行:以下命令下载地址可能会无法下载,到上面网址找对应的下载文件!下面是以RHEL 5.* 64位 为例,下面下载地址里的链接可能会变,自行更换下载地址
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代码:
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-3.2.22-39.el5.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-fastestmirror-1.1.16-21.el5.centos.noarch.rpm
wget http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/5/os/x86_64/CentOS/yum-metadata-parser-1.1.2-3.el5.centos.x86_64.rpm
下载下这3个软件包,再执行:
rpm -ivh yum-*
再执行:(如果是6.*的版本,则将下面内容里面的5改成6,同时将下面文件里的$releasever全部替换为版本号5或6后再执行。)
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代码:
cat >/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo<<eof
[base]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Base
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=os
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#released updates
[updates]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Updates
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/updates/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#packages used/produced in the build but not released
[addons]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Addons
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/addons/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=addons
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Extras
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/extras/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=extras
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Plus
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/centosplus/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5

#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-$releasever - Contrib
baseurl=http://mirrors.kernel.org/centos/$releasever/contrib/$basearch/
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
gpgcheck=1
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5
eof
再执行:yum makecache 生成缓存,再yum install 安装软件试试

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回复 1# 的帖子

如果按照这样的方法会不会导致RHEL更新成了CentOS?那还不如直接装CentOS呢,不是吗?求指教!

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谢谢军哥指点~

多谢多谢,我先试一把才看下效果。

[ 本帖最后由 zxytuo 于 2014-8-14 15:53 编辑 ]

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